By Wenona Giles, Jennifer Hyndman
In clash zones from Iraq and Afghanistan to Guatemala and Somalia, the foundations of battle are altering dramatically. differences among battlefield and residential, soldier and civilian, nation defense and family safety are breaking down. during this particularly well timed booklet, a robust team of foreign authors doing feminist learn brings the hugely gendered and racialized dimensions of those adjustments into sharp reduction. In essays on nationalism, the political economic climate of clash, and the politics of asylum, they examine what occurs whilst the physique, loved ones, kingdom, nation, and economic climate develop into websites at which violence is invoked opposed to humans. particularly, those hard-hitting essays circulation us ahead in our figuring out of violence opposed to women-how it truly is perpetrated, survived, and resisted. They discover the gendered politics of ethno-nationalism in Sri Lanka, the post-Yugoslav states, and Israel and Palestine. they think about "honor killings" in Iraqi Kurdistan, armed clash within the Sudan, and geographies of violence in Ghana. This quantity augments feminist research on clash zones and contributes to transnational coalition-building and feminist organizing. Illustrations: 1 line representation, 12 maps, 1 desk
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Additional resources for Sites of Violence: Gender and Conflict Zones
In their entirety, these chapters offer innovative theoretical, methodological, and empirical approaches to gender politics and the ways they are employed to incite, exacerbate, and fuel violence. In the ﬁnal chapter, we conclude with a reﬂection on feminist politics in the context of militarized violence. In particular, we examine the gender implications of globalization, human security, and human rights. We contend that it is crucial to identify the gendered antecedents and consequences of violence, conﬂict, and war.
There were adverse changes in the world economy. The abrupt rise in oil prices of the 1970s was followed in the 1980s by recession, falling commodity prices, higher interest rates, and increased protectionism in developed countries. Poorer countries were hardest hit. Their indebtedness grew (Ahooja-Patel 1991). We saw the stress induced by forced economic liberalization and structural adjustment priming violence in societies continents apart: murderous communalism in India (Chenoy 1998), imploding power vacuums in Africa (Turshen and Twagiramariya 1998).
Men may consolidate their gender power in such periods. A World Bank (1996) report shows that in El Salvador, for instance, men have beneﬁted more than women from government land distribution programs. Considered a better risk by lenders, they get bigger bank loans. The same World Bank report points out that men and women use resources in different ways—wood and water, for example. The environment is likely to have been damaged and neglected during the years of crisis. El gender perspective on war and peace 41 Salvador may not, perhaps, compete in this respect with post–Gulf War Iraq, where there has been massive contamination by radioactive materials, oil, and chemicals.