Download Slovakia Since Independence: A Struggle for Democracy by Minton F. Goldman PDF

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By Minton F. Goldman

Considering turning into an autonomous kingdom after its break up from Czechoslovakia in January 1993, Slovakia's improvement from communism to political and financial democracy, underway while it was once a part of post-Communist Czechoslovakia, has been tough and halting. Goldman begins with an research of the impact of a robust ethnic-based nationalism on Slovak family members with Czechs from 1918 during the moment global warfare and the years of Communist rule via to the breakaway from Czechoslovakia and the construction of an self reliant country. Goldman then examines the political, monetary, socio-cultural difficulties and foreign problems the hot Slovak kingdom skilled because it attempted to enhance a democratic political method, stream towards a loose marketplace financial system, in achieving societal cohesion and team spirit, and safeguard its pursuits abroad.In displaying how a robust Slovak nationalism rooted in contemporary historical past has had an influence on policymaking in nearly each sphere of nationwide lifestyles, Goldman examines the roots and explanations of best Minister Meciar's authoritarian management, the halting and unsure transformation of the Slovak economic climate to a loose marketplace, the problems of governing the country's minorities, and the advance of recent relationships with components of strategic in addition to monetary significance to Slovakia's health as an autonomous nation. This complete and updated research can be of significant value to students, scholars, and different researchers concerned with jap ecu reports.

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Extra resources for Slovakia Since Independence: A Struggle for Democracy

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It may also have been true that Czech voters were less sympathetic to living in a common state with Slovaks than they appeared. Czechs always had thought that Czechoslovakia was a good deal for Slovaks, better than Slovaks were willing to admit, while Slovaks always had 38 Slovakia since Independence: A Struggle for Democracy thought Czechoslovakia was a better deal for Czechs and that Slovaks had never received their promised and deserved recognition in the state. This may well have meant that both Czech and Slovak voters in the June 1992 parliamentary elections were less committed to the idea of a unified Czechoslovakia than they said they were and that their political leaders well understood this thinking.

President Havel proposed "the Czech-Slovak Republic" with a hyphen between Czech and Slovak. " Eventually, the Federal Assembly agreed on a somewhat awkward compromise. " Omission of the hyphen satisfied the Czechs without provoking the supersensitive Slovaks, many of whom viewed the Czech position on the hyphen issue as further evidence of Czech determination to keep them "number two" in the Czechoslovak state. 1 Criticism of Free Market Reform Slovak leaders saw an anti-Slovak bias in the federal government's handling of the economy.

98 billion worth of foreign investment committed to the Visegrad countries (Poland, Hungary, and Czechoslovakia) from 1990 to 1994, only some $366 million came to Slovakia, about 4 percent of the total. Aggravating this economic gap was the fact that, as Slovak leaders contended, this trade imbalance reflected discrimination by Western investors against Slovakia in favor of the Czech lands. 5 Slovak politicians also worried that the gap in living standards between Czechs and Slovaks would worsen for Slovaks, given the growing political influence of Klaus, with his strong free market views at the expense of the more moderate President Vaclav Havel, who favored gradualism in the transition to a free market.

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