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By Marko Bender

Marko Bender analyzes the effect of spatial proximity among enterprise capitalists and new ventures during the funding approach. He elaborates a entire theoretical framework and empirically validates ensuing hypotheses in regards to the saw spatial proximity and the effect of spatial proximity at the probability of a enterprise capital funding utilizing a German dataset.

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Extra resources for Spatial Proximity in Venture Capital Financing: A theoretical and empirical Analysis of Germany

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Expansion stage financing also includes later stage financing but no buyouts as defined by the BVK (cf. BVK (2009b)). 1 Private Venture Capitalists Private venture capitalists can be categorized into the class of venture capitalists with exclusively financial objectives and corporate venture capitalists. g. 72 Furthermore, venture capitalists of this class predominantly make equity investments but also use mezzanine instruments. 74 However, it can be expected that both types of venture capitalists have a strong profit orientation.

Fried/Hisrich (1994), p. 34. 151 Sunk costs are costs which have already been incurred and cannot be recovered anymore (cf. Arkes/Blumer (1985), pp. 124-125). 152 Cf. Boocock/Woods (1997), p. 40. 153 Cf. Wright/Robbie (1998), p. 541; Kaplan/Martel/Strömberg (2004), p. 3. 154 Cf. Sherling (1999), p. 181. 155 Some authors do also classify the valuation to the deal due diligence since the venture capitalist evaluates the venture in this phase (cf. Söderblom/Wiklund (2006), p. 29). However, the final price is subject to intense negotiations and also depends on further conditions like investor rights.

However, the final price is subject to intense negotiations and also depends on further conditions like investor rights. Therefore, the valuation of the company is classified to deal structuring here. Venture Capital Financing 33 funding requirements, or financial instruments. The negotiation of the value of the venture is of high importance but also turns out to be very difficult in most cases. 156 Thus, the valuation has a direct impact on the potential return the venture capitalist is going to realize.

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