By Laura Desfor Edles
It is a ebook concerning the position of tradition in social swap and the transition to democracy of post-Franco Spain. due to the fact common Franco's loss of life in 1975, Spanish political existence has visible a very quiescent "period of consensus," distinctive in its personal historical past. Laura Desfor Edles takes a distinctively culturalist method of this "strategy of consensus" and institutionalization of democracy, and uncovers the approaches of symbolization and ritualization that represent it.
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Additional info for Symbol and Ritual in the New Spain: The Transition to Democracy after Franco
32 Gunther, Sani, and Shabad more subtly argue that a crucial ingredient of the politics of consensus was that "negotiations took place in private, and not in public arenas. "33 But were Spanish non-elites as passive as pactmen claim? Were Spanish elites indeed relatively autonomous? 36 Furthermore, the case of the Spanish socialists challenges the elite autonomy argument altogether. 39 Yet, my point here is not the empirical one, as to the "exact" amount of "mass" participation in the Spanish transition.
Enrique Tarancon Archbishop of Toledo and Primate of Spain; and shortly thereafter, Tarancon became Archbishop of Madrid, and president of the Episcopal conference. 49 In sum, the most striking aspect of the Spanish Church in the late 1960s and early 1970s was its tremendous ambiguity. 50 Over 90 percent of Spanish bishops present at Vatican II had been ordained before the Civil War, and most came out against the new teachings. 52 Put another way, Vatican II impacted the social, cultural and spiritual A history of divisions and democracy 35 bases of Spanish Catholicism far more deeply than it impacted the "institution" of the Catholic Church.
The text interpreter must consciously go back and forth, reading, interpreting, and rereading each text. He or she must continually ask if what s/he finds "most important" about a particular text is at the center of what the article is "about," and if she has construed the text in the "best" way (because there are many ways of construing a text). This specific plurivocity of the text means that it is possible to argue for or against an interpretation, to confront interpretations, to arbitrate between them.