Download Syntactical Mechanics: A New Approach to English, Latin, and by Bruce A. McMenomy PDF

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By Bruce A. McMenomy

Syntax, Bruce McMenomy would favor the beleaguered scholar to grasp, isn't a suite of inconsistent and arbitrary ideas, yet particularly an natural expression of which means that advanced through the years. geared toward intermediate and complex scholars of classical languages, this booklet exhibits how realizing grammatical options as channels for that means makes studying them that a lot more straightforward and, in a note, natural.

Syntactical Mechanics systematically defines the fundamental different types of conventional grammar (parts of speech, topics and predicates, and kinds of sentences and subordinate clauses), after which unpacks an important syntactical constructions and markings that form that means in a sentence. those grammatical entities advanced, McMenomy asserts, from their universal Indo-European ancestors as instruments for the expression of that means, and the continuity of an concept can frequently be traced via those buildings. consequently, he examines the weather of English, Latin, and Greek syntax jointly, exploring how their similarities and adjustments can expose whatever in their underlying rationale.

With ample examples from English in addition to Latin and Greek, McMenomy considers the grammatical instances of the noun, and the tenses, moods, and elements of a verb. In an enticing and available demeanour, McMenomy is helping to rationalize the plain inconsistencies among Latin and Greek and makes the mastery of Latin and Greek structures that rather more significant, moderate, and sure.

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Additional resources for Syntactical Mechanics: A New Approach to English, Latin, and Greek (Oklahoma Series in Classical Culture Series, Volume 51)

Sample text

There’s no particular reason you need to know that word now, but it really sounds rather elegant, doesn’t it? Seven-syllable words are not that common. Herbs and spices When I was living off campus one summer at college, my housemates and I were making omelets for dinner one evening. We had a variety of ingredients for the omelet: some onions, some cheese, and a few kinds of herbs. I was gleefully composing an omelet for myself when I took the jar of oregano from the shelf and gave it a good shake.

R. Tolkien, The Hobbit In Latin, the same word—est or sunt—is used for both situations, but the existential est is often distinguished from the copulative usage by its position in the sentence. Latin authors will most often push the est or sunt right up to the front of the sentence. As such, it’s the whole predicate, and the rest of the sentence lives in a relative clause attached to the implicit subject, just to make it completely obvious that the sunt is not just being used to tie the subject to another predicate: Sunt qui .

As we discussed in chapter 1, adverbs give shape and color to a sentence, and, more importantly, often limit the scope of predication. In some languages, these complex adverbial modifications are handled by clauses; in others, some of them are handled using other not-quite-clausal structures (for example, in Attic Greek, a “clause” of proviso or of natural result is actually an expression involving an infinitive verb: this prevents it from strictly being a clause, but it’s convenient to treat it as one in most situations).

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