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There were calls to revisit the reports of TB screening campaigns that have been largely utilized in Europe and North the United States within the mid-20th century in addition to newer studies with TB screening in international locations with a excessive burden of the illness and to evaluate their attainable relevance for TB care and prevention within the twenty first century. In reaction WHO has built instructions on screening for lively TB. An  Read more...

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Additional resources for Systematic screening for active tuberculosis : principles and recommendations

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When consensus was not reached, different options for the recommendation were drafted and voted on; divergent opinions were recorded. Voting was necessary for only one recommendation (see Section 8). Draft guidelines were circulated to a group of peer reviewers, consisting of all staff of the Stop TB Department at WHO’s headquarters and staff of other selected departments, regional TB advisers, managers of selected national TB programmes, other national stakeholders involved in TB care and control in selected countries, working groups in the Stop TB Partnership, organizations providing technical support to TB care and control activities, and individuals with expertise in TB care and control (see Annex IV).

Therefore, in this guideline, a conditional recommendation implies that: ƒ the appropriateness of adhering to the recommendation needs to be assessed in each setting; and ƒ there is a need to prioritize risk groups for screening in each setting. The overall quality of the direct evidence of benefit compared with evidence of harm ranged from very low to low for all risk groups considered (see Section 5). The values and preferences of the members of the guideline development group therefore significantly influenced the interpretation of indirect evidence and the grading of the recommendations.

Note: Full references for the studies cited are available in the supporting material on the Internet. Question 3. Is there a difference in TB treatment outcomes among cases found by screening and those found through routine passive case-finding? There is evidence is of very low quality that treatment outcomes among people identified through screening are similar to outcomes among those identified through passive case-finding. Details are provided in Box 3. Box 3. Detailed findings for question 3: Is there a difference in TB treatment outcomes among cases found by screening and those found through routine passive case-finding?

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