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By Constantine Arvanitopoulos (auth.), Professor Constantine Arvanitopoulos, Professor Konstantina E. Botsiou (eds.)

The 12 months 2009 reveals Europe at a crossroads. the eu Union faces the demanding situations posed via the Lisbon Treaty less than the impression of a big foreign monetary and fiscal concern. Transatlantic relatives are influenced via the switch of management in Washington. On either side of the Atlantic political priorities specialize in the build-up of social safety opposed to fiscal recession, the adoption of leading edge strength and environmental guidelines, the advertising of safety and the prevention of humanitarian mess ups in volatile components, particularly the center East and Africa.

This e-book addresses this complicated foreign atmosphere via essays that have been provided in guides and public occasions of the Constantinos Karamanlis Institute for Democracy. It brings jointly well known students and coverage makers from a variety of nationwide backgrounds. Their contributions spotlight regulations and ideas that form problems with foreign curiosity, reflecting additionally the general public debate in Greece in the eu context.

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2007). European sympolity: For a European Union of states, peoples, citizens and European constitutional culture. Athens: Livanis. Walker, N. ) (2003). Sovereignty in transition. Oxford: Hart Publishing. Wallace, W. (2000). Collective governance. In H. Wallace & W. ). Oxford: Oxford University Press. Climate Change and Its Effects in Greece* Stavros Dimas The number of ‘climate sceptics’, namely people who obstinately deny the existence of the problem, has now dropped to a minimum. Science has spoken, almost with one voice, on the causes and effects of climate change, and the ways it must be addressed.

Such a major blow to the ratification process threw the EU into a profound, but not entirely unexpected, political crisis. However, the Constitutional Treaty – which was meant to be replaced by a reform treaty, as agreed to by EU leaders in Lisbon on 13 December 2007 – was viewed by many as a rather modest step towards the constitutionalisation of the treaty framework. Most analysts have asserted that the whole constitutional project was expected to contribute to a more balanced form of decision-making in an enlarged EU-27, coupled with a strengthening of the EU’s institutional capacity to act in a more coherent and coordinated manner regarding its external relations (through a European Foreign Affairs Minister, who would also serve as a member of the Commission – a provision, however, that was not part of the Lisbon Treaty).

I will conclude by explaining what Europe must do. First of all, think of what is coming around the corner. There are big challenges, not only in the financial and economic crisis, but also, as Kostas Karamanlis has mentioned, around the question of migration. This is a big issue, and we cannot create a European fortress. It is impossible to guard the thousands of islands around Europe with military or police forces. What we need is a kind of solidarity among member states in order to help each other.

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