By Lynn S. Urban
City discusses the effectiveness of a court-ordered juvenile curfew enforcement application referred to as Nightwatch. Her questions comprise: Do juveniles who perform Nightwatch re-offend much less? and in the event that they do re-offend much less, why? The Nightwatch software operates utilizing sanctions for non-compliance and rewards for compliance, which predicts that juveniles with a excessive walk in the park of punishment for curfew violation could have a low prevalence of non-compliance and next offending. effects point out that juveniles engaging in Nightwatch recidivated at considerably reduce degrees than a comparability staff, yet no longer for the explanations anticipated via courtroom officers. Little help used to be came across for deterrence, yet participation in Nightwatch lowered day out of the home and was once an important predictor of next offending.
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Additional resources for The Deterrent Effects of Curfews: An Evaluation of Juvenile Probationers (Criminal Justice: Recent Scholarship)
Thus, the assumption that high-risk juveniles incur more sanctions than other groups is not correct. In fact, the individual juvenile with the largest number of sanctions (13) is in the medium risk category. “Referrals” corresponds to the total number of subsequent official referrals of the juveniles in each group. This measurement is any subsequent referral, whether or not the court took action, and also includes probation violations. Results here are significant for all groups. Every group is significantly different on subsequent referrals from all others, and all in the expected directions.
Again, only one observation provides information regarding this item, but the crew observed was consistently polite and respectful toward all families. Detailed instructions regarding the execution of the visit, from knocking on the door, to identifying the crew and the purpose, and completing necessary paperwork, are included in the procedures for conducting quality curfew checks. The crew must knock or ring the bell, and announce who they are. As parents and juveniles have signed the Nightwatch contract and may have had previous visits, the announcement of “Nightwatch” should be understood.
One key administrative decision that impacted both implementation and sustainability involved the centralization of grant related tasks. The biggest challenge for the court came from attempting to implement new programs and a new paradigm without a central supervisor. Initial efforts to develop new programs funded by JAIBG within the city of St. Louis were disorganized and struggled to introduce changes in policies and procedures. The court addressed these issues by creating a Special Services Department in 2001, to centralize JAIBG activities When Nightwatch was initially put into operation, no central supervision existed to monitor implementation and functioning.