By László Mérő
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However intelligent, effective, and fair this solution employing hundred-thousand-sided dice might be, it seems extremely unlikely that something even remotely similar could be realized in life as we know it. Human beings generally make their decisions by weighing the pros and cons and acting according to their emotions and moods. They very rarely allow blind chance to determine their actions. But perhaps this is the very reason why our moods, emotions, and susceptibilities are so variable. This may be how we can best approach the chance-based method of decision-making, which may well be the most rational.
Axelrod next tried to discover a strategy for beating Tit for Tat. He found three, one of which was neither nice nor forgiving. But another superior strategy was one that works exactly like TFT except that it does not retaliate immediately, but only after two successive competing moves. These results cast doubt in two directions: On the one had, it was now unclear whether niceness and forgiveness are the traits best suited for survival in an iterated prisoner's dilemma, while on the other hand, there appeared to be an advantage in being even more "forgiving" than TFT.
To enter the competition goes against our ethical standards, and we may justly fear vilification. Nevertheless, the temptation is great, and who can know in advance what the result will be. The competitor may be despicable before the fact, but should he be the only one to enter the competition, then he will be hailed as a hero who has saved mankind from missing a great opportunity. Sometimes it is really blind chance that decides who will become a hero. Game Tbeory Game theory is a purely mathematical diScipline that grew mainly out of the work of John von Neumann in the middle third of the twentieth century.