By Inter-American Development Bank, Norbert Schady, Samuel Berlinski
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Extra info for The Early Years: Child Well-Being and the Role of Public Policy
It is important to run these regressions separately by decade because medical technology, vaccinations, other public health measures (such as oral rehydration therapy) and the extension of clean water and sanitation all mean that infant mortality is lower in later decades at a given level of GDP. That is, in addition to movements along the curve (as the income of a country grows or, in some cases, contracts), there are downward shifts of the curves themselves over time. 2 focuses on one country, Honduras, which has made remarkable progress in reducing infant mortality.
The Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development or the Complete Battelle Developmental Inventory are examples of diagnostic tests that have been administered to large evaluation samples in countries like Chile, Colombia, Mexico, and Peru. b. Screener tests are designed to identify at-risk children, and therefore, their properties focus more on their sensitivity than on their specificity. Clinically, they are most often used as a first stage in a process of a developmental diagnostic. Screeners are simpler to administer.
Each panel corresponds to a different country. Each bar in a panel represents the infant mortality rate of that country in a given year. As with many social outcomes, it is useful to benchmark a country’s performance relative to other countries with similar income levels. For example, was infant mortality in Brazil in 2010 higher, lower, or roughly the same as that of other countries with comparable income levels? 1 Infant Mortality per 1,000 Live Births Infant mortality per 1000 live births a.