By Zaid Ahmad
This can be an analytical exam of Ibn Khaldun's epistemology, focused on bankruptcy Six of the Muqaddima. during this bankruptcy, entitled The publication of Knowledge (Kitab al'Ilm), Ibn Khaldun sketched his basic principles approximately wisdom and technological know-how and its dating with human social company and the institution of a civilisation.
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Extra info for The Epistemology of Ibn Khaldun
How does he reconcile the normal course of human affairs with the transcendental nature of religious belief? As a Muslim, Ibn Khald#n from the very outset stands very firmly on the basic notion that is to admit the fact of divine interference in human affairs. At the same time, he also recognises the law of nature that human affairs have to follow in orderly fashion. In relation to this he makes an attempt to explain the rationale of prophetic office in human terms. For this matter, he recognises the existence of the perfection of a chosen human being to become the transmitter of the divine messages at a particular point in time.
We will have the opportunity later to see whether this claim can be justified, when we study the whole text, and it is then we will be able to propose a judgement. The first category of science is philosophical or intellectual science. 2 This means that these sciences are, or can be acquired, through human mental exercise. 3 This can be achieved through what he describes as human perceptions. In relation to this he mentions another important point, namely speculation (na~ar) and research (ba|th).
8 As indicated above, in order to be able to understand the Quran and the |ad+th, knowledge of the philological sciences (al-£ul#m al-lis%niyya) is required. 10 Although he does not deny the existence of sciences of this sort in other traditions, he admits he is not so interested in discussing them here. 11 Finally, Ibn Khald#n describes the development of the traditional sciences in his time as “reaching the farthest possible limit”. However, he also expresses upset at the “standstill” situation in the Maghrib.