By Geoff Tansey
This booklet is the 1st wide-ranging consultant to the major problems with highbrow estate and possession, genetics, biodiversity and foodstuff protection. continuing from an advent and assessment of the problems, finished chapters conceal negotiations and tools on this planet exchange association, conference on organic range, UN nutrients and Agriculture association, global highbrow estate association, the overseas Union for the security of recent kinds of crops and diverse different overseas our bodies. the ultimate half discusses the responses of civil society teams to the altering worldwide ideas, how those adjustments have an effect on the path of study and improvement, the character of world negotiation techniques and diverse substitute futures. released with IDRC and QIAP.
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Extra resources for The Future Control of Food: A Guide to International Negotiations and Rules on Intellectual Property, Biodiversity and Food Security
In protecting Monsanto’s patent rights, the Canadian courts accorded priority to the intellectual property rights of the corporation over the real property rights of the farmer. This is not only arguably in contravention of the ‘polluter pays’ principle of environmental law – if this approach were to be adopted in other jurisdictions it would compromise the legal rights of non-GM farmers, who would find it much more difficult to maintain organic and/or traditional farming methods in the face of the spread of GM technology across traditional sectors of agriculture – it also illustrates a wider issue, namely the way in which intellectual property rights can be used by their owners to acquire control over the food production system, and to override the land use rights of farmers and their ability to save seed.
This complexity often makes it difficult to get coherent policies across the different areas (Petit et al, 2001). So, although more and more institutions/treaties/agreements/regimes are required as agricultural, environmental and trade systems become ever more global, problems arise when rules and regimes overlap (requiring legal interpretation and negotiation). Furthermore, when regime remits are similar, but their provisions benefit some more than others, then states ‘shop around’ for the most beneficial possible outcomes of membership in different regimes.
But you cannot increase your basic food intake two-, three- or fourfold without serious harm – as indeed we are seeing in the obesity epidemic spreading around the world. The pressure on businesses increases the competition between them, the desire to find new technologies to give them an edge over others, to look for ways to increase the productivity of the money, land or people used in the business, and to diversify from what they started doing into other activities, products – especially high value products – or markets.