By Rosie Serdiville
Within the autumn of 1644 was once fought probably the most sustained and determined sieges of the 1st Civil conflict while Scottish Covenanter forces lower than the Earl of Leven ultimately stormed Newcastle-upon-Tyne, the King's maximum bastion within the north-east and the most important to his energy there. the town were resolutely defended all year long through the Marquis of Newcastle, who had defied either the Covenanters and Northern Parliamentarians. Newcastle had held sway within the north-east because the outbreak of the warfare in 1642. He had defeated the Fairfaxes at Adwalton Moor and secured town of Newcastle as th. Read more...
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Extra info for The Great Siege of Newcastle, 1644
He raised his famous tercio of Whitecoats to serve Charles in the north, where he was placed in charge of Royalist forces with military advice from a number of experienced captains such as Goring, Langdale and Eythin (see p. 13). In June 1642, he was elevated to his Marquisate and defeated the Fairfaxes resoundingly at Adwalton Moor. He fled the realm after Marston Moor only returning with the Restoration. Sir Hugh Cholmley, 1st Baronet (1600–1657) Elected as MP for Scarborough in 1624, his regiment fought at Edgehill.
Allegedly at the head of 20,000 foot with 2,500 horse*, Alexander Leslie, who had won renown as the defender of Stralsund in the Thirty Years’ War, splashed across the Tweed on 20 August 1640. A scratch Royalist force at Newburn on the Tyne, under Lord Conway, sought to bar his passage south. The English could field no more than 3,500 foot, mainly musketeers and perhaps a couple of thousand horse. A brace of earthwork redoubts commanded the ford (on ground now occupied by Stella Power Station).
George Lilburne with George Grey of Southwark ran Harraton mine on the Wear, with Grey acting as the financial backer. In 1661 both of these were members of another consortium which, with Ralph Lambton and William Belasis, ran the Lambton mines – a mix of gentry and merchants24. These local merchant barons formed a web of alliances and established networks which, by their operation, influenced the political allegiance of their membership, post magnatial affinities based on trade and patronage. Boothmen (corn merchants) brought corn into the town, often in exchange for coal shipped to Kings Lynn.