By Daan P. van Uhm
In this ebook the writer examines the unlawful natural world alternate from a number of views: the ancient context, the effect at the atmosphere, the scope of the matter the world over, the sociocultural call for for unlawful items, the felony efforts to strive against it, and several other case stories from contained in the alternate. The unlawful natural world exchange has turn into an international legal firm, following within the footsteps of gear and guns. past the environmental effect, monetary gains from the unlawful natural world alternate frequently fund equipped crime teams and violent gangs that threaten public security and safety in myriad ways.
This cutting edge quantity covers numerous key questions surrounding the natural world alternate: why is there a requirement for unlawful natural world items, which actors are interested by the exchange, how is the enterprise geared up, and what are the damaging outcomes. the writer played ethnographic fieldwork in 3 key markets: Russia, Morocco, and China, and has built an in depth photo of the way the flora and fauna alternate operates in those components.
Conversations with informants without delay all for the unlawful company confirm detailed insights into this vigorous black industry. during his trip the writer follows the course of the unlawful natural world alternate from negative poaching parts to wealthy company districts the place corrupt officers, legally registered businesses, natural world farms and complex legal businesses all have a proportion. a desirable glance contained in the global of poachers, smugglers and traders.
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Extra info for The Illegal Wildlife Trade: Inside the World of Poachers, Smugglers and Traders
In these developing countries, rainforests are inhabited by millions of people who are dependent on wildlife resources of the rainforest, which disappear partly as a result of the wildlife trade (Roe 2002; Boekhout van Solinge 2010). For example, meat from wild animals (including ﬁsh) contributes 20 % or more of the animal protein in the diets of forest communities (Bennet and Robbinson 2000). Not only do these activities result in the disappearance of forests and their animal and plant species, but they also ensure that the economic and social value of the land decreases.
Eastbourne: Gardners Books. Herzog, H. A. (2014). Biology, culture, and the origins of pet-keeping. Animal Behavior and Cognition, 1(3), 296–308. Hoage, R. , & Deiss, W. A. ). (1996). New worlds, new animals: From menagerie to zoological park in the nineteenth century. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. Houlihan, P. F. (1996). The animal world of the pharaohs. London: Thames and Hudson. Hughes, J. D. (2003). Europe as consumer of exotic biodiversity: Greek and Roman times. Landscape Research, 28(1), 21–31.
1 Moreover, the trade in wildlife is considered to be the greatest threat to certain species in particular, transcending degradation and loss of habitat (Oldﬁeld 2003, World Bank 2005). In modern society flows of endangered species have become important to the global economy and are traded as commodities for a wide range of purposes as illustrated in Chap. 1. Animal parts are used as medicines, meat or eggs from animals are served as food, skins are used as leather products and to keep us warm, live animals are kept as pets and so on.