By Mohammed A. Bekhechi, Jean-Roger Mercier
Environmental effect exams (EIA), a approach for comparing the influence of proposed actions at the setting, is a starting to be truth in Africa and in 24 Sub-Saharan African international locations, EIA is an issue of legislation. 'The felony and Regulatory Framework for Environmental impression Assessments', that is a part of the legislations, Justice, and improvement sequence, examines a number of the features of EIA laws in those nations. This e-book relies on large and in-depth research of the suitable EIA laws. It makes a speciality of and considers particular features of the EIA procedure, together with: the definition of EIA in Sub-Saharan Africa legislation; the prescribed actions, public participation, and session; the evaluation technique and the standard of EIA reviews; tracking and enforcement; compatibility with foreign norms; and transboundary concerns. This publication offers a unique emphasis at the position and measure of public participation for the additional improvement of legislation and coverage on the subject of environmental effect tests in Sub-Saharan Africa.
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Extra info for The Legal and Regulatory Framework for Environmental Impact Assessments: A Study of Selected Countries in Sub-Saharan Africa (Law, Justice, & Development Series)
Hospitals, clinics and health centers 4. Cemetery designation 5. Tourism and recreational development in national parks or similar reserves 6. Project located in or near environmental sensitive areas such as (i) indigenous forests, (ii) wetlands, (iii) zones of high biological diversity, (iv) areas supporting populations of rare or endangered species, (v) zones prone to erosion or desertification, (vi) areas of historical and archeological interest, (vii) areas of cultural or religious significance, (viii) areas used extensively for recreation and aesthetic reasons, (ix) areas prone to flooding and natural hazards, (x) water catchments containing major sources of public, industrial or agricultural uses, and (xi) areas of human settlements (particularly those with schools and hospitals) Urban area rehabilitation Water transport Flood control scheme Exploration for and production of hydrocarbons including refining and transport 5.
An indication of additional information required to determine the potential impacts of the proposed activity d. a description of the proposed method of identifying these impacts e. a description of the proposed method of assessing the significance of these impacts Submission of the EI Report: 8. ,which must contain: a. a description of each alternative, including on (i). the extent and significance of each environmental impact (ii). the possibility for mitigation of each identified impact b. a comparative assessment of all of the alternatives, and c.
Without this continuum, the initial consensus built during the EIA cannot be sustained in the longer term, thus wasting the opportunity to monitor actual impacts on the environment. 106 As mentioned above, review of the EIA Report is part of a comprehensive monitoring and auditing process. In practice, many significant hurdles exist that limit the use of monitoring and auditing in almost all African countries. The need to ensure a credible EIA review is still to be correctly and fully taken into account in EIA-related laws and regulations.