By Kelly DeVries
This very obtainable narrative...tells the tale of 'the first very important battles of 1066', Fulford Gate and Stamford Bridge, and of the leaders of the opposing English and Norwegian factions. selection The proof of later twelfth- and 13th-century Norse sagas, Snorri Sturlusson's Heimskringla, and the fewer renowned Norwegian Kings Sagas...present way more element in regards to the invasion and its battles than the extra generally permitted assets may be able to allow... He locations the invasion in a extensive context. He outlines the Anglo-Scandinavian nature of the English nation within the 11th century, strains the careers of the most important leaders, and devotes a bankruptcy each one to the English and Norwegian army platforms. magazine OF army historical past (US) William the Conqueror's invasion in 1066 was once now not the one assault on England that yr. On September 25, 1066, lower than 3 weeks sooner than William defeated King Harold II Godwinson on the conflict of Hastings, that very same Harold were triumphant over his different opponent of 1066, King Haraldr Hardr?di of Norway on the conflict of Stamford Bridge. It used to be a powerful victory, using an invading military of Norwegians from the earldom of Northumbria; however it used to be to price Harold expensive. In telling the tale of this ignored conflict, Kelly DeVries strains the increase and fall of a kin of English warlords, the Godwins, in addition to that of the both outstanding Norwegian warlord Hardr?di.KELLY DEVRIES is affiliate Professor, division of heritage, Loyola collage in Maryland.
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Extra resources for The Norwegian Invasion of England in 1066 (Warfare in History)
And trans. F. Barlow, 2nd edn (London, 1992). For a discussion of this work see Gransden, pp. 6366 and Rigg, pp. 1213. I have used other lives of Edward sparingly. Those include: Osbert of Clare, La vie de S. Édouard le Confesseur par Osbert de Clare, ed. M. Bloch, Analecta Bollandiana 41 (1923), 5131; Aelred of Rielvaux, Vita sancti Aedwardi regis, ed. P. Migne, Patriologia latina, 195 (Rome, 1855); and L'Estoire de Seint Aedward le Rei, ed. and trans. R. Luard, in Lives of Edward the Confessor (London, 1858).
The victor in that battle, Harold Godwinson, was also a successful warlord. Even before coming to the English throne on 6 January 1066, he had won great military victories, primarily against the Welsh, and had become regarded as military legitimate to those in his kingdom. Undoubtedly, this is the reason why he was given the throne of England by Edward the Confessor, who was not himself a warlord, but was wise enough to protect himself first with the very powerful warlord, Godwin, and then with his equally powerful son, Harold Godwinson (Edward's attempt to rule without these warlords, in 105152, proved disastrous enough to convince him of renewing these alliances).
William the Conqueror set aside his place of victory by establishing a monastery, fittingly called Battle Abbey, less than five years after having defeated King Harold II (Godwinson) there. It is owned by English Heritage, having purchased the site from the Webster family in 1976 using a sizeable grant from American donors. Today, while scurrying rabbits might have replaced the Norman horses, one can still see a battlefield at which the course of English history was changed. At Stamford Bridge, several hundred miles to the north of Hastings, none of the same honor or prestige can be found.