By Rosie Cooney
The precautionary precept, or precautionary procedure, is now extensively accredited in environmental legislations and coverage at foreign and, more and more, nationwide point. even though, the primary continues to be hugely debatable, its which means contested, its attractiveness and implementation inconsistent throughout sectors and contexts and its affects uncertain. This paper goals to notify and support IUCN and its contributors in constructing higher shared figuring out of the which means and implementation of the primary within the context of biodiversity conservation and average source administration, respecting priorities of either conservation and sustainable improvement. It examines the that means of the precautionary precept and its incorporation into biodiversity and source administration legislation and coverage, and discusses a chain of matters raised by way of its implementation during this quarter for biodiversity conservation and for livelihoods and poverty relief.
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Additional resources for The Precautionary Principle in Biodiversity Conservation and Natural Resource Management: An Issues Paper for Policy-Makers, Researchers and Practitioners (IUCN Policy and Global Change Series)
Html. This is the sense in which “protectionist” is used for the rest of this paper, as distinct from “trade-protectionist”. 32 4. 28 Overexploitation remains ranked among the major global threats to biodiversity (UNEP, 2000). However, there are potential conservation benefits, as well as risks, associated with the utilization of wild species (Hutton and Leader-Williams, 2003). Consumptive use may provide economic incentives for communities, private interests or States to conserve and maintain wild lands, outweighing the benefits of conversion to intensive revenueproducing uses such as agriculture and plantations, or it may provide incentives for management of wild species rather than allowing uncontrolled hunting or grazing.
New Zealand’s Fisheries Act (1996) does not use the terminology of precaution, but adopts a set of “information principles” that set out elements amounting to the precautionary principle. Forest law and policy Sovereignty over forest resources is keenly guarded by States, and there are few multilateral instruments explicitly relating to forests. While it has been argued that precaution should be accepted as a broad principle cutting across disparate sectoral forest laws, and function to “narrow the margin of sovereign discretion over issues of common concern” (Brunnee and Nollkaemper, 1996, pp.
20/97. Lei No. 10/1999. Loi No. 96–12 portant loi-cadre relative à la gestion de l’environnement (1996). See Leatch v National Parks and Wildlife Service (1993); Nicholls v Director-General of National Parks and Wildlife (1994); Greenpeace Australia Ltd v Redbank Power Co (1995); Northcompass v Hornsby Council (1996); Friends of Hinchinbrook Society Inc v Minister for Environment (1997). 18 3. Acceptance of the precautionary principle in biodiversity and natural resources law highlighted the importance of the principle, even where no specific statutory obligation is involved.