By N. Bentwich
This little booklet has been written on the advice of the Society for the safety of technological know-how and studying. That physique used to be the successor of the educational tips Council which used to be shaped in 1933 via heads of British Universities and discovered Societies to help students and scientists and investigators "who, on grounds of faith, political opinion or race, have been not able to carryon their paintings of their personal country". They have been, on the time of the formation of the Society, fairly, yet now not completely, refugees from Nazi oppression, and disadvantaged in their educational posts on this type of grounds. yet they quickly embraced refugees from different tyrannies. The British instance was once through related efforts in lots of international locations. The nationwide and overseas attempt, initiated in 1933 on behalf of educational freedom, continues to be faraway from accomplished. For the persecution of loose concept and study has develop into an epidemic ailing of our time, and demands a continuing task of the unfastened Universities. the foremost activity, notwithstanding, of saving for technology and pupil send the sufferers of Nazi persecution has been complete, and many of the educational societies which have been shaped within the Thirties to take in the problem were dissolved. it sort of feels opportune then to put on checklist this attempt of cultural soli darity for the displaced students, and the contribution which has been made to the world's highbrow existence through those that have been rescued.
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Additional info for The Rescue and Achievement of Refugee Scholars: The Story of Displaced Scholars and Scientists 1933–1952
1) The placing of over 100 scientists and scholars in the University of Istanbul, and in the University and scientific Institutes at Turkish Ankara; (2) The bodily transfer of the library, the equipment, the scholars and technical staff of the Warburg Institute from Hamburg to London; (3) The establishment of "The University in Exile" as a department of the New School for Social Research in New York. (4) The development of Institutes of Advanced Studies in Princeton and in Dublin. (5) The placing in Palestine, in the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, the Daniel Sieff Research Institute at Rehoboth, and the Herzlia Technical Institute at Haifa, of over one hundred scholars and academic teachers and research workers.
It was as easy to get a man out of internment as to pull a camel through the eye of a needle". Colonel Josiah Wedgwood observed that the authorities failed to understand that we were engaged in a war of religions, and not in a war of nations. These refugees from the Nazis, who were treated as enemy aliens, were fighters against the Nazi religion. A second debate was held on the 3rd December 1940. By that time a Council of Aliens had been set up by the Government to deal with the release of those among the interned who could make a contribution to the war effort.
Many men with scientific qualifications had joined the British Forces and were restricted to the manual labour of the Pioneer Corps. They should be transferred to the Engineers or the Medical Corps, or other formations which could use their talents. A third debate on the 25th February 1941, was concerned particularly with the treatment of refugees who had been sent out to Australia and to Canada, in company with Nazi prisoners, 'enemy aliens' in the true sense, and had been badly treated on the voyage.