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By Robert Audi

This selection of papers (including 3 thoroughly new ones) through one of many leading philosophers in epistemology transcends of the main extensively misunderstood positions in philosophy--foundationalism and coherentism. Audi proposes a distinctively average, internalist foundationalism that comes with a few of the virtues of either coherentism and reliabilism. He develops very important differences among confident and destructive epistemic dependence, substantively and conceptually naturalistic theories, dispositional ideals and tendencies to think, episodically and structurally inferential ideals, first and moment order internalism, and rebutting instead of refuting skepticism. those contrasts are utilized not just to rational trust, yet to rational motion and the rationality of wants and intentions. the final place is a pluralist, reasonably rationalistic, internalist thought of justification and a partially externalist perception of information. even if, by means of advantage of supplying a concept of rationality in addition to an account of information and justified trust, it's going to curiosity philosophers of ethics, technology, and the social sciences and academics and scholars of epistemology.

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58. 16. If the connecting belief requirement is correct, S would have to have infinitely many such beliefs. It is not at all plausible to suppose that any person has even the requisite number of concepts, much less also an infinite chain of beliefs of this sort; but even apart from the connecting belief requirement it seems psychologically implausible to attribute to S infinite sets of beliefs of the interrelated sorts coherentists would posit. The foundationalism-coherentism controversy can imagine arguments to the effect th .

Who has co~~ected foundationalism with value theory. phy, 5 (1975). Some of the literature on intrinsic value also bears on the toptc of this paper, though less specifically. , G. E. Moore, Ethrcs (Oxford: Oxford University Press 1912); G. H. von Wright, The Varzelles of Goodness (London and New York: Routledge & Kegan Paul1963); and Monroe C. Beardsley, "Intrinsic Value," Philosophy and Phenomeno~ogical Research, 26 (1~5). 2. Some of these points are made in Chapter 1, thts v~lume; but ~he po~nts ~re not developed at length there, since the paper's mam ~ncem ts t~e.

70 Psychological foundationalism In the light of this section, I think we can also conclude not only that psychological foundationalism holds psychological interest and may deserve more attention than psychologists have given it (if they have given it any), 23 but that insofar as IV is a good model for epistemological foundationalism, a modest version of that theory may avoid a number of the major criticisms commonly brought against it. Nothing I have shown implies that none of the major criticisms will in the end be decisive.

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