By G. B. Souza
During this unique learn of the Portuguese Empire within the East, the Estado da India, George Souza seems intimately on the actions of Macao. His objective is to investigate into the character of Portuguese society in China and the South China Sea and clarify why the political and financial actions of the Portuguese crown didn't inhibit the expansion of neighborhood entrepreneurial alternate. He additionally examines the character of Portuguese maritime exchange in Asia and analyses the focal position of Macao as an accessory to the Canton industry. The operations of Portuguese inner most retailers, the so-called 'country traders', are defined and tellingly assessed within the wider context of the commercial improvement of China and Southeast Asia within the 17th and eighteenth centuries.
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Extra resources for The Survival of Empire: Portuguese Trade and Society in China and the South China Sea 1630-1754
Looking back to the period immediately after the Russian revolution of 1917, one ﬁnds, for example, highly critical observations from the ﬁrst Director of the ILO, Albert Thomas, when he questioned71: Has Bolshevism, which exercises a powerful fascination for the masses, shown itself capable of doing anything more than organising a Jacobin dictatorship on the one hand, and of causing discontent and poverty on the other? To what constructive work can it point? Has it really secured for men, women and children the hours, wages and hygiene conditions provided for in the labour charter, or even the conditions of life which the traditions of labour legislation promise to the world?
Then followed ratiﬁcation of the Right of Association (Agriculture) Convention No. 11, 1921, and the Equality of Treatment (Accident Compensation) Convention No. 19, 1925, in April 1934, together with the Weekly Rest (Industry) Convention No. 14, 1921, only weeks later. At the end of November 1935 the Protection against Accidents (Dockers) Convention (Revised) No. 32, 1932, was ratiﬁed, paving the way for a further group of six Conventions to be ratiﬁed on 2 December 1936. This important “volume” step involved the Minimum Age (Sea) Convention No.
Circular on Adjusting Wages for Certain Type of Workers] ഭ䲒ޣҾ䈳ᮤ䜘࠶ᐕӪ ઼ᐕӪઈᐕ䍴Ⲵ䙊⸕ (guó wù yuàn guān yú tiǎo zhěng bù fèn gōng rén hé gōng zuò rén yuán gōng zī de tōng zhī), 1971, and measures such as the [Circular on Wage Levels for Demobilized Soldiers with Higher Education Degrees] ഭᇦ䇑ࡂငઈՊࣣࣘተޣҾ༽ઈ䘰ԽߋӪѝⲴབྷу 䲒ṑᆖ⭏ᐕ䍴ᖵ䙷Ⲵ䙊⸕ (guó jiā jì huà wěi yuán huì láo dòng jú guān yú fù yuán tuì wǔ jūn rén zhōng de dà zhuān yuàn xiào xué shēng gōng zī dài yù de tōng zhī), 1975. , [Provisions on the Qualifying Period of Seniority and Wage Issues relating to AntiRevolutionary or Other ‘Bad’ Individuals who have been indentiﬁed in the Counter AntiRevolutionary Movement] ޣҾ༴⨶ഭᇦᵪޣǃԱъǃᆖṑ൘㚳৽䘀ࣘѝḕࠪⲴ৽䶙ભ࠶ᆀ ઼ަԆൿ࠶ᆀⲴᐕ喴઼ᐕ䍴䰞仈Ⲵ㿴ᇊ (guān yú chǔ lǐ guó jiā jī guān, qǐ yè, xué xiào zài sù fǎn yùn dòng zhōng chá chū de fǎn gé mìng fèn zǐ hé qí tā huài fèn zǐ de gōng líng hé gōng zī wèn tí de guī dìng), 1957, as well as [Opinion as to whether the Children of Capitalist Bourgeois are Eligible to Replace their Parent when they Retire or are on Long-Term Absence] ࣣࣘ䜘ǃѝཞᐕ ୶㹼᭯㇑⨶ተޣҾ䍴ӗ䱦㓗ᐕ୶ъ㘵䘰Ձᡆ䈧䮯ٷਾਟ⭡ᆀྣ亦ᴯᐕⲴ㿱 (láo dòng bù, zhōng yāng gōng shāng xíng zhèng guǎn lǐ jú guān yú zī chǎn jiē jí gōng shāng yè zhě tuì xiū huò qǐng cháng jià hòu kě fǒu yóu zǐ nǚ dǐng tì gōng zuò de yì jiàn), 1963.