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About the feelings that one is having, that it makes no sense to speak of verifying, although they may be said to be known. At all events, in terms of verification, empiricism as so far presented would be the thesis that all propositions other than those about mathematics or logic are verifiable by reference to experience. ) In order to provide a reply to the skeptic in furnishing a certain and indubitable basis for knowledge, one needs in addition the thesis that experience can provide a direct and certain verification of some propositions, and that the other propositions that form the body of accepted knowledge have these as their bases.

The only necessary truth is that if anything is a God it must exist; this is once again a merely hypothetical necessity, not an absolute one, as the assertion of the existence of God must be if this is to serve its purpose in Descartes' argument. Once again, Descartes' argument must be deemed a failure in its effort to produce premises of the kind required, let alone its attempt to derive from them by rigorous argument all that is required to meet the skeptic by providing firm foundations for knowledge.

And in the last book of the Essay he seeks to justify claims to knowledge in general. " Here he rests his case ultimately on the point that what he calls the simple ideas that we have of things are caused by those things and they cannot therefore in general be wrong. Complex ideas need not correspond to anything, since the human mind plays a part in compounding simple ideas into complex ones, and in this way error may creep in. But this consideration is not pertinent to simple ideas themselves; hence he concludes, though invalidly, that they must be veridical.

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