By Matthew T. Kapstein
This publication explores the Buddhist position within the formation of Tibetan non secular idea and id. In 3 significant sections, the writer examines Tibet's eighth-century conversion, resources of dispute in the Tibetan Buddhist culture, and the continued revelation of the instructing in either doctrine and fantasy.
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Extra info for The Tibetan Assimilation of Buddhism: Conversion, Contestation, and Memory
Vehicle of self-realized ones 5. vehicle of surras 6. vehicle of bodhisattvas 3. vehicle of bodhisattvas 2. b. The greater vehicle 3. greater vehicle of compassionate spiritual warriors 4. unelaborate vehicle of auspicious spiritual warriors III. VAJRAYANA III. FRUITIONAL BON 7. Yoga 4. vehicle of Kriyatantra 8. Kriya 9. Upaya 5. vehicle of Ubhayatantra 6. vehicle of Yoga: IILa. Outer fruitional mantra 5. vehicle of original Bon 6. a. b. Inner Yoga 7. way of creation 8. way of perfection 9. b. Inner vehicle of secret mantra 1.
13 While much that it reports is certainly fiction, its fictions are often old ones, and so of considerable interest in themselves. We must, I think, accept the general assessment of Stein, who has summarized his conclusions regarding the Testament ofBa in these words: It is a relatively ancient, novelized narrative of the events of the 8th century. 15 In this and the chapter that follows, then, I shall seek to characterize more fully the double relationship of the Testament ofBa to the period whose history it narrates, on the one hand, and to the later Tibetan construction of the history of the Buddhist conquest of the empire, on the other.
We shall return to these and other questions posed by the development of Tibetan literacy during this period in chapter 4. 39 The few monks who both survived and continued to uphold their vows are said to have fled Central Tibet to find refuge in the far northeast, in what is today Qinghai. 40 Besides the transmission of the monastic vows, traditional sources concur that some Tibetan Buddhist educational activity also continued throughout the "dark age" in far eastern Tibet, though there is disagreement about the extent and precise nature of such activity.