By Fidelia Ibekwe-SanJuan, Thomas M Dousa
This publication addresses a number of the key questions that scientists were asking themselves for hundreds of years: what's wisdom? what's details? How will we be aware of that we all know whatever? How can we build which means from the perceptions of items? even if no consensus exists on a typical definition of the suggestions of data and communique, few can reject the speculation that info – even if perceived as « item » or as « technique » - is a pre-condition for wisdom. Epistemology is the examine of the way we all know issues (anglophone which means) or the research of ways clinical wisdom is arrived at and confirmed (francophone conception). To undertake an epistemological stance is to devote oneself to render an account of what constitutes wisdom or in procedural phrases, to render an account of whilst you could declare to understand anything. An epistemological idea imposes constraints at the interpretation of human cognitive interplay with the area. It is going with no announcing that diverse epistemological theories may have roughly restrictive standards to differentiate what constitutes wisdom from what's now not. If info is a pre-condition for wisdom acquisition, giving an account of the way wisdom is got may still effect our comprehension of knowledge and verbal exchange as strategies.
While much has been written at the definition of those recommendations, much less examine has tried to set up particular hyperlinks among differing theoretical conceptions of those suggestions and the underlying epistemological stances. this is often what this quantity makes an attempt to do. It deals a multidisciplinary exploration of knowledge and conversation as perceived in numerous disciplines and the way these perceptions impact theories of knowledge.
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Additional info for Theories of Information, Communication and Knowledge: A Multidisciplinary Approach
Wiener (1948) focused on the role of information in the control of both mechanical and biological systems. His first order cybernetics united thermodynamics in Boltzmann’s probability interpretation with the ideas contained in Shannon’s work. Thermodynamic entropy is measured in Joules/Kelvins. In contradistinction to Shannon’s theory of information, Wiener reversed his definition of information from entropy to neg-entropy, from disorder to organization, which Schr¨odinger integrated into his theory of life.
Thus, information has to be connected to embodied meaningful language in a culture or to the physical world of material objectivity. e. a “structured piece of the world”, information in Shannon’s theory is the same as (positive) entropy. From this angle at least, Shannon’s “information” is the opposite of Wiener’s “information”. 26 S. 1 The Thermodynamic-Cybernetic Type of Theory of Information This type of theory is most prominently associated with the work of Norbert Wiener (1948) and Erwin Schr¨odinger (1967).
One needs to have empirical reference29 in order to produce real information. 231, 1910). In other words, analytical statements lack informativity. , the greater the empirical reference that it has), the more informative it is. Quantity is a measure of the extension of a symbol. ” (W1: 187). Thus, the extension of the symbol fish is larger than the one of sharks since fish is applicable to more animals than Sharks. Quality, on the other hand, is dependent on the intension of a symbol, which is the number of characters attributed to a term.