By Henning Melber
The 1st quantity on "Re-examining liberation in Namibia" (2003) focused on the political tradition when you consider that Independence. This moment choice of essays, which completes the study, provides to the generally well-known and praised attempt to significantly investigate the achievements and screw ups of the erstwhile German and South African colony less than a liberation stream in political energy.
It enhances the previous assortment through typically assessing the cloth points of decolonization and its obstacles with regards to the empirical social realities. The participants are students and civil society activists commonly established in Namibia or operating largely on and within the state. Their analyses are guided by means of a dedication to the Namibian humans and the declared pursuits of social emancipation as formulated through the anti-colonial fight. The chapters take care of criminal facets of the hot procedure, the techniques of a brand new elite, the ongoing social disparities, types of exploitation and marginalization, land as a contested factor, the mixing of ex-combatants, the function of sweet sixteen, decentralization and neighborhood improvement, city deprivation, HIV/Aids, gendered violence and different kinds of discrimination.
The insights upload to the physique of data referring to negotiated and regulated switch with a move of political energy to former liberation activities fairly in Southern Africa. it really is thought-provoking in terms of the mandatory reflections at the limits to liberation and is of curiosity and use to students, activists and practitioners alike.
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Extra info for Transitions in Namibia: Which Change for Whom?
This suggests that traditional commercial farming is no longer seen as the optimum form of land use. Since nothing prevents previously disadvantaged farmers from also diversifying land use patterns on their newly acquired farms, one is therefore left to wonder why Sherbourne believes that the emerging commercial black farmers are being set up for failure. The Commercial Agricultural Land Tax Act As pointed out by Atwood (Lund 2000:14), different people acquire and/or hold on to farmland for different reasons, some of which can lead to poor utilisation of land and hence culminate in the reduction of national economic output, as well as the role of land in the social reproduction of society.
5 m for land and livestock, as well as infrastructural improvement and equipment. The potential annual income of such a farmer is estimated to be N$ 280,000, whereas his/her annual loan repayment is estimated at N$ 313,000. Sherbourne concludes that the profitability of such a typical farming venture would remain but a distant dream (Sherbourne 2004:9–10). Given the high cost of land, he goes on to argue that profitability in the commercial agricultural sector will only be possible where the prospective farmer does not have to purchase the land but acquires it as an inheritance or gift.
The report was cognisant of the widespread failure of state farming in other African countries: hence it advocated safeguarding against potential pitfalls by providing for the necessary management skills and the political mobilisation of the peasantry (UNIN, 1985:60–1). The second set of agricultural land use and ownership patterns proposed in the SWAPO blueprint were cooperatives based on the combination of private ownership of land with emphasis on joint cultivation and/or sharing of farm support services, as well as collectives and communes.