By Matthew Sharpe, Murray Noonan, and Jason Freddi
Within the age of the warfare on terror and what one critic has known as 'disaster capitalism', the subject of trauma has assumed renewed cultural relevance. Trauma, Historicity, Philosophy is a set of essays by way of Australian philosophers, psychoanalysts, and cultural theorists at the family tree, semantics, and relevance of the concept that of 'trauma' within the modern international. the gathering positive factors essays via Agnes Heller and Gyorgy Markus addressing trauma, and what psychoanalysis' elevation of 'trauma' to cultural centrality capability (and has intended) for contemporary philosophy and social idea. different essays deal with '911', cyber-terrorism, the shoah, political tyranny, the 'end of history', and interact with the idea of Kierkegaard, Schmitt, Hobbes, Derrida, Agamben, Badiou, Zizek, Lacan and Freud
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Additional resources for Trauma, history, philosophy : with feature essays by Agnes Heller and Gyorgy Markus
The study of an individual’s history is used as the basis for Freud’s examination of the history of a people. In Moses and Monotheism70, Freud is convinced that the belief of the Jewish nation are a delusion, founded upon the illusion of a Father-God modeled on the type of one’s own father. 71 And so Freud proceeds in his analysis to argue that the historical truth is founded upon the person of Moses and the recollection of his teaching. The force of Mosaic Law among the Jewish nation is attributed by Freud to a psychic phenomena observed in the individual, which by analogy he extended to the Jewish nation.
In the 1920 paper Freud’s discussion of trauma is put in terms of a dynamic field of forces. We can see the exposition most clearly in his 1926 paper on Inhibitions, Symptoms and Anxiety. 57 In 1926, apprehension of a danger is recognized by the ego in the release of anxiety as a signal of possible impending trauma. 58 Freud talks of two kinds of danger to which the ego may be exposed. Where the danger emanates from an external source, he talks of “objective” anxiety, and where the danger threatens from an internal source, the anxiety is called “neurotic” anxiety.
At this point Freud invoked Plato’s conception of Eros. At birth, our psyche is all Eros. 56 Only gradually does the ego differentiate from id and the state of ego narcissism to love objects in the world for what they are. Each successive differentiation is subject to the action of trauma, and so the ego is repeatedly overwhelmed and Eros moves to bind the psychic experience in a new matrix. The psyche is structured early in life when the ego is weak. The decisive event being the trauma of the castration complex which leads to superego formation and the tripartite mental structure.