By Alan Khee-Jin Tan
Reading the legislation of vessel-source pollutants from the point of view of the political pursuits of key gamers within the send transportation undefined, Khee-Jin Tan deals a complete and convincing account of the way pollutants of the marine atmosphere by way of ships can be higher regulated and lowered. during this well timed examine, he lines the heritage of law on the foreign Maritime enterprise (I.M.O.) and investigates the political, fiscal and social forces influencing the IMO treaties. additionally tested are the efforts of maritime states, ship-owners, shipment proprietors, oil businesses and environmental teams to steer IMO legislation and treaties.
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Extra resources for Vessel-Source Marine Pollution: The Law and Politics of International Regulation
18 The situation is markedly worse in regions of the world where trading practices are less transparent, maritime administrations under-developed and port state control lacking. 19 Thus, as the competitive nature of the shipping industry continues to erode the effective enforcement of regulations, political pressure grows on legislators worldwide to impose ever more stringent laws on ship operators. Such pressure is especially evident in the aftermath of politically charged events such as vessel accidents causing massive ocean and coastal pollution.
J. TRANSNAT’L L. 635 (1995). LOSC, art. 194. N. Doc. 151/26/Rev. 1 (Vol. I) (1992), see particularly Ch. 17. M. N. Doc. UNEP/CBD/COP/2/19. 12 VESSEL-SOURCE MARINE POLLUTION It should be noted at the outset that the biggest contributor to marine pollution is acknowledged to be land-based sources. Pollution from ships (excluding dumping, which entails the deliberate disposal at sea of wastes originating on land) constitutes a relatively smaller – albeit still significant – fraction of the overall marine pollution problem.
For one thing, the volume of vessel traffic in the merchant days of yore was tiny in comparison with the huge fleets plying the oceans today. The coastal states then never had to endure pollution problems of such magnitude as to compel them to claim jurisdiction over foreign vessels polluting the oceans. At that time, the maritime powers were singularly more concerned with preventing interference to international trade by coastal states seeking to impose tariffs or other impediments upon passing merchant vessels.