By Sandra Bloom
Now we have entry to a miles deeper realizing of either the aetiology of competitive acts and their therapy. we want not forget about criminals or abuse them-instead we will be able to offer compassion and containment..The volumes during this sequence offer either functional suggestion and theoretical stimulation for introductory scholars and senior practitioners alike.
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Extra resources for Violence: A Public Health Menace and a Public Health Approach
1959 Throughout this chapter, I have suggested that actions have meaning, that violent actions occur when thought and speech fail, and that the violent need to be helped to find speech. However, all speech has meaning too, and I will suggest that there are ways that violence can be expressed by perverting the meaning of language. In this section, I look at how the use of language contributes to a culture of violence and legitimates it. Denial and the minimization of violence a. Violence may be a defence against shame Gilligan, 1997) but, sadly, one that is fragile.
The social construction of masculinity will require victimized boys to deny the victim aspect of their identity in terms of real feelings and experiences. It suggests to them that to pay attention to those feelings of fear or 20 VIOLENCE distress is to negate their male identity-to "die" as a man. The same is true even if these boys were exposed to a violent mother, since in such circumstances the father is likely to be either psychologically or physically absent or, possibly, equally violent. So the social construct of masculinity poses an existential problem for the boy who has witnessed or experienced victimization, let alone normal dependency needs.
He found that separating newborn infants from their mothers immediately following birth produced gross behavioural abnormalities in these infants. The severity of these abnormalities depended on the amount of time they had been kept in social isolation, which varied from 3 to 12 months. These monkeys were then kept in partial isolation for up to 3 years. At the end of this period, Harlow and Mears reported that: practically the only social behaviours that seemed to have matured were fear and aggression, and the animals showed these inappropriately and often explosively.