By Aly Elrefaei
The talk among Wellhausen and Kaufmann in regards to the background of old Israel and the query of ancient reconstruction has triggered this research. whereas Wellhausen’s speculation introduces a synthesis of the spiritual improvement of old Israel, Kaufmann’s paintings emphasizes the singularity of the Israelite faith. Their respective works, which symbolize the methodologies, presuppositions and the ideologies in their occasions, stay an impetus to extra inquiry into the heritage of historical Israel and its religion.
Both Wellhausen and Kaufmann utilized the historical-critical technique, yet have been divided as to its effects. They agree that the outdated Testament/Hebrew Bible is the first resource on which to base writing in regards to the historical past of old Israel, yet range in regards to the authority of its textual content. This e-book illustrates the true conflict among Wellhausen and Kaufmann, with the purpose of delivering a few foundation for attaining a center floor among those poles.
As turns into transparent during this learn, Wellhausen reconstructed the faith of Israel within the framework of its heritage. Kaufmann, in contrast, proposed that monotheism emerged in Israel as a brand new production of the spirit of Israel.
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Additional info for Wellhausen and Kaufmann: Ancient Israel and Its Religious History in the Works of Julius Wellhausen and Yehezkel Kaufmann
Wellhausen, Prolegomena, . , ), – (). 36 Chapter One: From Source and Literary Criticism to Historical Synthesis Thus Wellhausen thought that by interrogating the sources and putting them in the correct historical order, he could write the history of ancient Israel. ¹²⁷ Having dated the Jehovist, Wellhausen turned to reveal its character and tendency. ¹³⁰ To Wellhausen, Deuteronomy has to be dated in accordance with 2 Kings. ”¹³³ Accordingly, Wellhausen Wellhausen, Prolegomena, .
On this see Stephen Geller, “Wellhausen and Kaufmann,” Midstream , no. (): – (). 28 Chapter One: From Source and Literary Criticism to Historical Synthesis Wellhausen drew a picture of ancient Israel’s history based on literary sources. In his reconstruction of the beginning of early Israel, he realized that there is no direct Hebrew literature dating from that time. He recognized that we can have only an approximate idea of what happened. In the words of Wellhausen: Das Gesetz reicht nicht von ferne an die mosaische Zeit heran.
L. Ginsberg, “Yehezkel Kaufmann,” . See Kaufmann, Toledot III, . For a discussion of the character of popular religion in biblical scholarship, see J. Berlinerblau, “The ‘Popular Religion’ Paradigm in Old Testament Research: A Sociological Critique,” JSOT, no. (): – . For its importance, Kaufmann’s Toledot has been called “Torat Eretz Yisrael”. On this see Nahum Sarna, “From Wellhausen to Kaufmann”. Schalom Ben-Chorin, Jüdischer Glaube: Strukturen einer Theologie des Judentums anhand des Maimonidischen Credo; Tübinger Vorlesungen (Tübingen : Mohr, ), .