By Mary Lucas Powell, Patricia S. Bridges, Ann Marie Wagner Mires
A Dan Josselyn Memorial Publication
till lately, archaeological initiatives that integrated research of human is still had usually lacked energetic collaboration among archaeologists and actual anthropologists from the making plans phases onward. in the course of the Eighties, a conjunctive technique built; referred to as "bioarchaeology," it attracts at the methodological and theoretical strengths of the 2 subdisciplines to bridge a perceived communications hole and advertise a extra complete figuring out of prehistoric and ancient cultures.
This quantity addresses questions of human edition in numerous cultural contexts, with a breadth now not present in reports using completely organic or artifactual information. those 9 case experiences from 8 Southeastern states hide greater than 4,000 years of human habitation, from Archaic hunter-gatherers in Louisiana and Alabama to Colonial planters and slaves in South Carolina. numerous reports concentration upon diversifications in future health among or inside of past due prehistoric agricultural societies. for instance, the invention that reliance upon maize as a nutritional staple didn't consequence consistently sick, as claimed by way of previous reports, both for complete populations or, in ranked societies, for the non-elite majority, has fostered a brand new appreciation for the managerial knowledge of the Mississippian peoples, in addition to for his or her agricultural skills.
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Extra info for What Mean These Bones?: Studies in Southeastern Bioarchaeology
This emphasis upon warfare as an avenue for male status advancement probably accounts for the higher prevalence of fractures among elite males at Chucalissa and Etowah. The almost complete absence of this form of skeletal pathology at Moundville suggests that the elite males represented in the present skeletal sample may have been primarily identified with roles and duties unconnected with warfare. Other skeletal pathology Traumatic injuries Adult stature Demographic structure Sample Composition DallasIHixon Mound burials display less cranial No data reported on pathology of infectious Elite mound burials, Elite mound burials, elite and nonelite elite and nonelite burials from other burials perimound and sectors.
Members of the elite population segment should Infectious disease display evidence of stronger immune response and exposure to fewer types of pathogens than none lite individuals. Table 3-2 presents in summary form a set of modeled expectations of variability in the biological dimensions of ranked status at Moundville. Inasmuch as the ultimate test of successful adaptation is avoidance of death, differences in mortality experience in age-matched population segments are particularly reliable indicators of differential health.
This distribution suggests that chronic anemia may have been a less common health problem among the elite than among the nonelite at Moundville, perhaps as a result of higher meat consumption as suggested by bone strontium assay (Schoeninger and Peebles 1981). 05) in prevalence by ranked status, but this result may have been skewed by the extreme inequality of the sample sizes. 1 0 37 Trauma Reparative proliferation of bone at fracture sites was the most common traumatic injury observed, noted in thirty-four adults but no subadults.