Download ''When Gods Were Men'': The Embodied God in Biblical and by Esther J. Hamori PDF

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By Esther J. Hamori

Within the texts of Genesis 18 and 32, God looks to a patriarch in individual and is talked about through the narrator as a guy, either instances through the Hebrew note sh. In either texts, God as sh is defined in graphically human phrases. this kind of divine visual appeal is pointed out the following as the?  sh theophany. The phenomenon of God showing in concrete human shape is first distinctive from numerous different forms of anthropomorphism, equivalent to divine visual appeal in goals. The sh theophany is considered with regards to appearances of angels and different divine beings within the Bible, and in terms of anthropomorphic appearances of deities in close to jap literature. The sh theophany has implications for our figuring out of Israelite ideas of divine-human touch and communique, and for the connection to Ugaritic literature specifically. The e-book additionally contains dialogue of philosophical methods to anthropomorphism. the improvement of philosophical competition to anthropomorphism should be traced from Greek philosophy and early Jewish and Christian writings via Avicenna, Averroes, Maimonides and Aquinas, and into the paintings of later philosophers reminiscent of Hume and Kant. even if, the paintings of others could be utilized fruitfully to the matter of divine anthropomorphism, corresponding to Wittgenstein's language video games.

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There too, Yahweh’s question to the patriarch comes at the moment of self-revelation. Versions of this argument are found in Speiser, Genesis, 254-55; Seebass, Genesis, 2:396; Westermann, Genesis 12-36, 518; and references. See especially Wohlstein, “Toten- und Ahnengeistern,” 353. See also Cooper and Goldstein, “Exodus and Mas[s[o=t,” 29-34. On the name Yisra-El referring to the god El, see Mark S. Smith, The Origins of Biblical Monotheism (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001), 142-43. Mark S.

2 In his attempt to argue against one form of anthropomorphism, he utilizes another. In the terms of the preceding chapter, he argues against both concrete and transcendent anthropomorphism, but in doing so resorts to figurative. Already for Xenophanes, the core of this critique is the implied similarity between the human and divine. 3 Later philosophers would focus more on the implied limitations to the deity, but this was not yet a common concern. In his work “On Nature,” for instance, Empedocles of Acragas (ca.

J. Zwi Werblowsky, “Anthropomorphism,” Encyclopedia of Religion (ed. Mircea Eliade; New York: Macmillan, 1987), 317, on anthropomorphism as “a central problem in the history of religions, theology, and religious philosophy,” and Hans H. ” F. B. Jevons, “Anthropomorphism,” in Encyclopaedia of Religion and Ethics (ed. James Hastings; New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1908), 1:573; G. van der Leeuw, Religion in Essence and Manifestation (trans. J. E. Turner with additions by Hans H. Penner; Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1986; from German original Phänomenologie der Religion, 1933), 172-76; Werblowsky, “Anthropomorphism,” Encyclopedia of Religion, 317.

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