Download Young Drivers Accidents And Delinquency: Modeling And by Steven J. Ellwanger PDF

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By Steven J. Ellwanger

Associations and younger driving force injuries and using delinquency -- strength of will and younger driving force injuries and using delinquency -- pressure and younger motive force injuries and using delinquency -- Analytic approach -- improvement of "driving frustration" scale -- A try out of 2 basic theories of crime/delinquency within the context of riding -- Implications for coverage and concept.

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Additional info for Young Drivers Accidents And Delinquency: Modeling And General Theories of Crime (Criminal Justice: Recent Scholarship)

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2). The administrative rule promulgates a thirty-hour concurrent classroom instruction requirement and a four-hour behind-the-wheel requirement. The classroom time element requires no less than thirty hours of contact time in a classroom setting with a certified teacher, and the laboratory experience requirement is to be met by providing not less than four hours of actual driving behind-the-wheel. Where simulation and/or off-street multiple car driving ranges are utilized, not less than three hours of actual driving behind-the-wheel per student shall occur; when simulation 20 Young Driver Accidents and Driving Delinquency instruction is used, four hours of instruction equals one hour of actual driving.

It is assumed within the self-control paradigm that motivation to commit crime is not variable; rather, all actors are rational and motivated to pursue their self-interest, including the commission of crime. What varies among individuals is their level of self-control, a trait which consists of several distinct elements subject to effective study. First, Gottfredson and Hirschi (1990) state that criminal acts provide immediate gratification of desires. Thus, a major characteristic of people with low self-control is that they tend to respond to tangible stimuli in the immediate environment, and to have a concrete “here and now” orientation.

Jeremy Bentham (1748-1832) began with Beccaria’s premise that punishment was an evil that should be used only to prevent some greater evil, and he coupled to that idea with a new conception of the nature of crime. To him and other criminologists within the classical tradition, people are seen to possess free will and are thought to be guided by reason and self-interest. Thus, individuals were viewed largely as indeterministic and crime is seen to be in substantial part the result of ill-conceived (insufficiently rational) criminal justice policies.

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