By A. Kupatadze
According to over one hundred thirty interviews with criminals, cops and govt representatives from post-Soviet Georgia, Ukraine and Kyrgyzstan, this e-book situates geared up crime within the debate on kingdom formation and examines the diverging styles in geared up crime following the aftermath of those nations' colored Revolutions.
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Extra info for Organized Crime, Political Transitions and State Formation in Post-Soviet Eurasia
Van Dijk (2007, p. ’ Furthermore, a comparison of crime rates before and after the revolutions is not very productive. In Georgia, this sort of before-and-after comparison would lead to the argument that crime has increased in the country, but in fact the upsurge in official crime rates may be the result of increased efficiency in policing or changes in legislation. Research challenges Empirical research into organized crime is saddled with certain difficulties, some general and some particular to the former USSR.
The selected respondents were thus recommended by several individuals: an important foundation of the methodology. Second, data on the links, involvement in crime and corruption is used in this book only if it is corroborated by two or more sources. Important information mentioned by one respondent was fed back into the questions put to other respondents. These research conditions have particular importance for the validity of the data. The respondents were placed into two clusters: first, the less reliable, such as journalists and citizens in the streets, and second, the Introduction 23 more reliable, such as police officers, researchers, government officials and representatives of NGOs.
153). Abrupt transitions weaken state structures, which then become more vulnerable to manipulation and easier targets for displacement by motivated criminals. ’ The state, in this case defined as a set of administrative institutions centred on law enforcement and a criminal justice system, can be conceptualized as both a target and a guardian. As a guardian, the state may become obsolete due to regime collapse. The police may become demoralized and the incoming political elites may act more like ‘incapable guardians’ (Edwards and Levi 2008, p.