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By Glenn W. Muschert, Johanna Sumiala

College shootings have raised substantial curiosity between students as a world (media) cultural phenomenon and feature elevated particularly within the Nineties constructing right into a seeming cultural epidemic. This booklet contributes to the present educational dialogue on college shootings by means of reading this phenomenon in a broader context of mediatization in modern social and cultural existence. Mediatized good judgment has the ability to steer us as contributors speaking in regards to the shootings and experiencing the shootings as victimizers, sufferers, witnesses or bystanders. In 3 sections, this publication explores shootings from diversified, but interconnected, views: (1) a theoretical concentrate on media and college shootings inside a number of sociological and cultural dimensions, particularly how modern media rework college shootings into mediatized violence; (2) a spotlight at the practices of mediatization, with emphasis on mediated insurance of faculty shootings and its political, cultural, social and moral implications; and (3) an exam of the audiences, sufferers and witnesses of faculty shootings in addition to companies which try and deal with those public crimes of important media curiosity.

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In particular, the public discourse frequently focuses on the consumption of violent visual media and “killer games” as significant risk factors for school shootings (Ferguson, 2008; Olson, 2004). Given the many signs of media influence reflected in perpetrators’ self-presentations and in the modus operandi of many shootings (Bo¨ckler & Seeger, 2010; Kiilakoski & Oksanen, 2011; Larkin, 2009), the emphasis on the role of the media in the genesis of school shootings appears to be legitimate. However, the state of research shows that this is only one among many relevant factors, as Muschert points out, “School shooting incidents need to be understood as resulting from a constellation of contributing causes, none of which is sufficient in itself to explain a shooting” (2007, p.

School shootings have been described as media rituals, a term that describes how media help bring society to life as society (Cottle, 2006). On the Finnish experiences at Jokela, Sumiala and Tikka wrote: According to James Carey, ritual communication is distinctively about uniting, sharing and maintaining a community . . however, ritual communication can also have destructive potential, especially in crises, where conflicting rituals are activated among various types of communities (2010, pp. 18, 19).

Media, Culture & Society, 28(3), 411–432. Couldry, N. (2003). Media rituals: A critical approach. London: Routledge. Couldry, N. (2004). Theorising media as practice. Social Semiotics, 12(2), 115–132. Gerbner, G. (1973). Cultural indicators: The third voice. In G. Gerbner, L. P. Gross & W. H. Melody. ), Communications, technology and social policy (pp. 555–573). New York, NY: Wiley. Gerbner, G. (1976). Studies in mass communication. Unpublished monograph. Gerbner, G. (1983). The importance of being critical: In one’s own fashion.

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