By Lirio Gutiérrez Rivera
This publication examines the endurance of social violence and public lack of confidence in Honduras. utilizing a spatial point of view, the writer seems to be on the Honduran state's defense polices - referred to as Mano Dura - and the demanding situations specialists face. She issues to the state's historic hassle generating and ordering political territory and area.
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Extra resources for Territories of Violence: State, Marginal Youth, and Public Security in Honduras
It also looks at the underlying reasons that make maras emerge as the main vehicle of social organization, participation, masculinity, and youth ideals among young adolescents and adults in Honduras. Chapter 5 focuses on security policies—namely, Cero Tolerancia and Mano Dura policies and the Ley Antimaras (antigang law). Aside from looking at the legal framework that criminalizes and stigmatizes adolescents and young adults in the maras, this chapter also looks at the state actors involved—police and security agents.
As various scholars have pointed out, foreign intervention (both economic and political), mainly from the United States, weakened the expected liberal transformations (Mahoney 2001a; 2001b; Euraque 1996; Argueta 1981; Torres-Rivas 1993). James Mahoney (2001a; 2001b) sustains that Honduras’s liberal period led to an “aborted liberalism”; foreign intervention and the Honduran state’s concessionary system did not produce a centralized state apparatus, a national oligarchy (or an agrarian bourgeoisie), or a military-coercive apparatus.
Crime, delinquency, and social violence are concentrated in certain regions and areas within national territory. This books sets out to understand how the uneven spatial developments within Honduran national territory State, Space, and Territory O 31 hinder the attempts of control, leading, in some cases, to the emergence of new territories of violence. On the other hand, a spatial perspective shows other processes and relationships involved in state spatiality such as the nonviolent responses of communities and local governments, which help to reduce violence in certain areas.