By Floor Brouwer, Glenn Fox, Roel Jongeneel
This paintings debates and investigates the the cross-compliance process: the place farmers conform to convinced criteria with regards to the surroundings, meals safeguard and animal and plant health.
It discusses cross-compliance within the context of present criteria, on-farm charges and the competitiveness of farm companies. interpreting the economics of legislation either in the inner marketplace of the ecu and the wider international industry by means of studying a large variety of agricultural items, this source should be of price to agriculture and source economists, coverage makers, researchers and scholars in environmental and agricultural coverage and modelling.
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Extra info for The economics of regulation in agriculture : compliance with public and private standards
Commission Regulation (EEC) No 2293/92 of 31 July 1992 laying down detailed rules for the application of Council Regulation (EEC) No 1765/92 with regard to the set-aside scheme referred to in Article 7 Official Journal L 221, 06/08/1992, P. 0019 – 0021. 0001-0003. 99. 1999. 2002. 2003. 2004. 2005. This page intentionally left blank Chapter 3 State and federal responses to increasing input intensity in the US Jonathan Winsten and Lynn G. Knight Introduction The fundamental economic tenet of comparative advantage, as first described by Ricardo (1891) states that countries should specialize in the production of goods or services for which they are relatively more efficient.
The role of cross compliance in greening EU agricultural policy 21 Cross compliance in practice The application of cross compliance since 2005 has undoubtedly expanded the area of land subject to basic environmental management requirements. However, it has been subject to criticism from both sides. On the one hand farming organizations have expressed dissatisfaction with the burdens that they feel that it has introduced (Alliance Environnement, 2007a). On the other hand environmental organizations have argued that the potential of the cross compliance mechanism to deliver environmental benefits has not been maximized, with a number of reports setting out its shortcomings in this respect (ECA, 2008; BirdLife International, 2009).
The lack of performance indicators, for example, to measure the extent to which land abandonment has been prevented or land has been maintained in good agricultural and environmental condition, is particularly notable, an issue that has been picked up by the European Court of Auditors (ECA, 2008). Without such information, evaluations of how cross compliance is performing to achieve its objectives is problematic, which raises questions about its effectiveness, particularly in relation to the environment.