By Donald R. Vance
3 very important contributions to the research of biblical Hebrew poetry are supplied during this paintings: first, it surveys students of non-biblical, metrical-poetry to examine how meter is outlined within the box of literary feedback; moment, it categorizes and opinions all major proposals concerning meter in biblical Hebrew poetry from the time of Philo to the current; ultimately, it assessments the main achievable of the proposals opposed to a wide pattern of poetic texts from the Hebrew Bible. the writer generates statistical profiles for the texts and compares them with related profiles from different types of keep watch over info: metrical poetic texts from outdoors the biblical Hebrew culture (Shakespearean sonnets, "Beowulf", and 4 jap haiku) and prose texts from in the Hebrew Bible. The learn not just demonstrates that meter thoroughly understood doesn't exist in biblical Hebrew poetry, but in addition presents students with a beneficial creation to the learn of meter.
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Extra info for The Question of Meter in Biblical Hebrew Poetry
What actually causes a syllable to be heard as carrying ictus is a subject of much psychological research, and no clear answer has been found as of yet. Consequently, the concept is usually simplified by recognizing only duration and stress as the two major categories of ictus. The arrangement of ictus-bearing syllables into patterns is often done in subgroups called feet, a concept that seems to be inseparable from that of meter, though this has been debated since the Renaissance. The foot is "a measurable, patterned unit of poetic Chapter 1: Defining Meter 21 rhythm,"46 that is, the subgroupings of Chatman's secondary rhythm.
I use it in the latter sense to refer to the analysis of poetry. 35Harold Whitehall, "From Linguistics to Criticism," KR 18 (1956): 416-417. Enjambment would be an example of rhythm not re-enforcing syntax. "36 Poetry adapts the four stress system to the ideal two-stress metrical patterns. " In other words, English is 'stress-timed' or isochronic. 37 Isochronism plays itself out in two ways: the compression of the syllables between primary stresses and the fluctuation of the length of pauses that always may follow the three terminal junctures.
188. 28 Chapter 1: Defining Meter is, shift the normal stress of a word) for metrical purposes renders the prosody incapable of eliminating any line from being metrically regular. A successful theory of prosody must discriminate between possible lines so as to characterize some as metrical and some as not. "71 Wittgenstein's idea of public versus private language comes into play here. Poems (at least most poems) are meant to be read by others. So they must utilize concepts and rules known to the audience or at least capable of being picked up by the audience if the poem is to be enjoyed and/or successfully understood.